The sleep of infants needs to be concerned because it directly affects to the health of babies. However, it is able to be due to many impact factors, so infants often cry at night without deep sleeping in the evening. When encountering this problem, mothers need to have to find out the cause in order to help the sleep of babies the best.
- Learning the sleep of infants
Newborn babies about 1 month of age (infants) sleep all day and night only wake up to breastfeed (about 2 to 3 hours once). Since the stomach of infants has small volume, they are quickly hungry. Therefore, they have to wake up after a few hours so as to breastfeed. At that time, infants do not distinguish between day and night, so the number of babies would sleep during the day and awake more at night. Generally, infants will sleep a total of about 8 to 9 hours in the morning and about 8 hours at night. Most babies will start sleeping through the night (6 to 8 hours) without waking up when they are 3 months old. Normally, mothers needn’t to wake up them to breastfeed. Consequently, mothers should not give infants sleep more than 3 hours without feeding. In several special cases, there is prematurity or light weight which mothers ought to breastfeed frequently.
The stages of sleeping
Like adults, the sleep of infants is also spitted into the different stages. Depending on each stage, babies can lie down or have movements. There are two types of sleeping:
Fast sleeping (REM – rapid eye movement): this is a shallow sleep. Babies will be dreaming; even, their eyes rapidly move forward or backward. Although babies sleep about 16 hours per day, the half past time is REM sleep. It means babies deeply sleep about 8 hours.
Slow sleep (Non-Rem – Non-rapid eye movement): there are 4 stages:
- Stage 1: sleepy – eyelid can droop or blink continuously.
- Stage 2: drowsiness – babies can still move; even, they can be startled or speak “e-e”.
- Stage 3: deep sleep – the infant is silent and motionless
- Stage 4: the sleep is quite deep – the infant is silent and motionless
The sleep of infants will develop with the cycle. Starting is from stage 1; then, it moves on to stage 2, stage 3 and stage after moving into REM sleep. In one sleep, it can have a few of above sleeping cycles. In the first few months, babies are able to wake up when moving from deep sleep to drowsiness and can be difficult to sleep again.
- How to help babies sleep well at night
Breastfeeding enough before going to bed
The sleep of infants will be deep and unbroken if they are breastfed full. Mothers need to know that babies have small stomach, so they only breast a little bit each times. It means that babies need to be woken up after a few hours to breastfeed. You needn’t to wake babies to breastfeed unless the doctor suggested. Infants will get up to breastfeed after sleeping again. However, you have to understand the formula of infants which they do not sleep more than 5 hours without feeding. Like that, infants will not have enough nutrients in order to grow. In this case, you can wake babies up to breastfeed.
Keeping hygiene in the sleeping place of babies
If infants piss wet diaper that is overload, mothers need to have to change immediately because they will feel uncomfortable. Babies have to wake up the middle of the night because of being cold or wet. This one will make the developed process of babies which is delayed. In addition, they also become tired or uncomfortable. Therefore, mothers need to have to ensure that babies get the quiet and clean cradle so that they are always dry and warm.
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Finding causes infants who do not sleep well
When infants do not sleep well, it has to have causes. Mothers have to concern several problems such as fever, rash, vomiting, wheezing, and so on. At that time, mothers ought to take babies to doctor if mothers see these signs. In addition, mothers also need to remember that the sleep is considered as healthy, but the sleep is too much which is completely bad. If mothers see the symptom of lethargy at their baby, mothers also need to have to pay attention immediately.
Needing to soothe when infants cry at night
Most mothers often feel anxious when they see their baby to sleep well but waking is easy to cry. In fact, if you observe carefully, infants will not have to cry naturally. Each newborn baby wake up will have a peculiar silence. At that time, babies have left the sleep and the transition of waking. They lie silent but they begin to open their eyes and recognize around environment. Generally, babies will stare at everything around and react to sound or movement in the room.