What Is a Craftsman Fashion Home?

Craftsman-style homes are one of many hottest home kinds within the U.S. Whereas unique craftsman homes are most closely concentrated within the Midwest and Southern California, the architectural fashion could be discovered all around the nation. In the present day, new-builds utilizing craftsman ideas proceed to be in style.

To grasp how this fashion withstood the take a look at of time, we’ll talk about:

  • Widespread options and key traits of a craftsman home
  • Forms of craftsman homes
  • The best way to discover craftsman homes when conducting your house search

Historical past of the craftsman-style home

Craftsman houses have their roots within the British Arts and Crafts motion. Each the Arts and Crafts fashion and the craftsman fashion home had been a response to the mass-produced housing of the economic revolution and over-stylized housing of the Victorian period. Most craftsman houses had been constructed between 1900 and 1940 in the US.

The title was coined from the turn-of-the-century journal, The Craftsman (1901-1916), based by furnishings maker and designer Gustav Stickley. His experimental line of “New Furnishings” in 1900 marks the start of the Craftsman Period within the U.S.

Quintessential craftsman kinds embrace the California Bungalow, popularized by Henry and Charles Greene and closely influenced by each Bangladeshi and Japanese structure. This fashion of house could be discovered all through the U.S., although the earliest builds had been in Pasadena, CA. And, although the motion celebrated handicraft, prefabricated house kits within the craftsman-bungalow fashion had been accessible from Sears Firm and others. 

Maybe simply as well-known, the Prairie Faculty of structure, led by Frank Lloyd Wright, additionally comes from the American Craftsman motion. Most Prairie houses have been transformed to museums, however some are nonetheless residential. 

swing front porch craftsman home

Traits and appeal of the craftsman-style home

Craftsman-style houses draw from the pure world, and following this precept, craftsman-style homes show lots of the identical traits as cottage core

Traits frequent to the craftsman home fashion embrace: 

  • Modest dimension: Whereas early craftsman houses had two or extra tales, most craftsman houses had been one or one and a half tales. This dimension was appropriate (and reasonably priced) for the common middle-class household. Nevertheless, there are various lavish builds commissioned by elites, just like the Gamble Home constructed for David and Mary Gamble of the Procter & Gamble firm. However even lavish craftsman houses usually stick to 2 tales or fewer.
  • Horizontally inclined: As an alternative of going vertical, the craftsman-style emphasizes horizontal strains, which supplies them an look of rising from the earth. That is very true of Prairie-style houses, which have dramatically prolonged rooflines. 
  • Roof: Broad, overhanging eaves, usually with uncovered rafter tails, lengthen from low-pitched gable roofs and are generally embellished with easy gable brackets. Many houses have a street-facing dormer large sufficient for multiple window.
  • Deep entrance porch: Whereas not each craftsman has a big porch— and people in northern climates usually tend to have an enclosed sunroom— the lined entrance porch is a signature of the craftsman-style. In additional modest builds, a small lined patio could also be used as a substitute. Oftentimes, sq. porch columns are tapered. 
  • Earthy exteriors: Stonework, stucco, and brick are sometimes used for some or the entire exterior. Wood siding, painted in earth tones, can also be quite common.
  • Multi-paned home windows: First popularized within the Arts & Crafts house, multi-pane home windows (aka “sash home windows”) and partially-paned entrance doorways are fairly frequent. Generally absolutely paned French doorways separate the eating room and front room or front room and sunroom.
  • Entrance bay: Most houses have a big, street-facing bay window or collection of bays extending from the lounge.
  • Handicraft: Whereas mass-produced copycats of craftsman-style doorways, home windows, and trim work had been ultimately accessible, the interiors of those houses featured craftsmanship each time reasonably priced.
  • Wooden parts: Woodwork, stained medium or darkish, can be utilized to trim out rooms. Many houses even have uncovered beams, much like uncovered rafters seen on the surface. 
  • Constructed-ins: One of many craftsman-style’s extremely in style and charming options is built-in shelving and storage areas. Sometimes within the eating room, generally with glass-front cabinetry to show dishware, or within the upstairs corridor for linens. There may additionally be built-in window seats within the eating room, front room, or set in a dormer in an upstairs bed room. 
  • Ground plans with stream: Craftsman-style houses have comparatively open ground plans. Foyers stream right into a front room, which flows right into a eating room. The kitchen is commonly the middle of the house, however usually has a stronger demarcation between it and different rooms. 
  • Household-centered: A kitchen with an eat-in breakfast nook is a standard attribute of a craftsman home. . Eating rooms had been initially reserved for dinners and particular events. 
  • Heat: Craftsman-style houses have cottage-like heat and appeal. Most have one fire, generally flanked by built-in bookshelves. 

Forms of craftsman-style homes

Craftsman homes are available 4 varieties, all of that are fairly totally different however symbolize an evolutionary step within the craftsman fashion. Nevertheless, they share sure traits, particularly a back-to-nature fashion. Some examples of the various kinds of craftsman fashion homes embrace:

  • Foursquare, 1895 to 1935
  • Mission, 1890 to 1915
  • Prairie, 1901 to 1925
  • Bungalow, 1910 to 1940

american foursquare style craftsman home

The American Foursquare was a late Nineteenth-century transitional fashion linking the taller houses of the Victorian period with the horizontal houses of the craftsman period. The telltale sign is the house’s symmetrical, boxy design, with every ground having 4 rooms. These homes are usually two and a half tales with two or 4 attic dormers, a deep entrance porch, and large entrance stairs. These houses had been constructed to benefit from small, suburban lot sizes and had been extremely in style properly into the 20 th century. 

brown and white mission revival home

Mission Revival houses draw inspiration from Spanish Missions constructed between 1769 and 1823 in California. Nevertheless, they share a lot in frequent with craftsman houses, together with low-pitched gables, hipped roofs, large eaves, and earthen supplies.

Whereas Mission Revivals are the least craftsman-like homes, a few of their traits seeped into later craftsman design. This may be seen in the usage of Spanish tile roof shingles, stucco, and arches.

brown maroon stone prairie-style house

Prairie-style houses had been made well-known by architect Frank Lloyd Wright and had been first constructed within the early 1900s. Closely concentrated in Oak Park, IL, these houses characteristic large, overhanging eaves, low-pitched roofs, and big porches. They’re usually made from brick and stucco, and sometimes have particulars like massive stone planters.

bungalow craftsman house

The Bungalow fashion rounds out the late-Craftsman motion. This fashion started with the California Bungalow and developed into city bungalows that had been very fashionable amongst middle-class suburbanites within the Midwest. The bungalow is available in many kinds however usually opted for single-floor residing, which was thought-about extremely fashionable on the time. 

The craftsman aesthetic and sensibilities mix into later kinds together with Thirties Tudor revivals, extremely stylized Artwork Deco and Streamline Moderne of the Thirties and 40s, and mid-century ranches.

The place are you able to usually discover craftsman-style homes?

The Midwest and Southern California have the best concentrations of craftsman-style homes, whereas the Midwest, Chicago, Milwaukee, and Detroit are house to craftsman-inspired bungalows. There are greater than 80,000 houses in Chicago’s “Bungalow Belt,” and lots of  Prairie-style homes stay in Oak Park and different suburbs of Chicago

Los Angeles, San Diego, and the encompassing areas have hundreds of California bungalows with “Bungalow Heaven” now a landmark district in Pasadena.

However the craftsman fashion, particularly bungalows, could be present in most cities with vital populations on the flip of the final century. Baton Rouge, Salt Lake Metropolis, and St. Petersburg all have craftsman districts. The bungalow was an particularly reasonably priced house to construct, usually costing $900 (about $25,000 in 2021 {dollars}) to assemble. 

crafstman style house green white picket fence

The professionals and cons of craftsman-style structure

Whereas the craftsman-style home is interesting to many, try to be conscious of the benefits and drawbacks of proudly owning certainly one of these historic houses. A number of the professionals embrace: 

  • Craftsman-style houses had been constructed with high-quality supplies.
  • They had been constructed with performance in thoughts and have family-friendly layouts.
  • They’ve particular particulars, like built-ins, artisan home windows, and hand-crafted trim work.
  • They are often modified for contemporary conveniences, like air con.
  • They preserve their worth and, as provide decreases, could improve in worth greater than a brand new construct.

In fact, there are some drawbacks. Most craftsman homes are over 100 years outdated, and with all older houses, there are particular wants you’ll need to account for.

  • Smaller rooms, bedrooms, and closets than new builds.
  • Probably older plumbing and electrical work if the house hasn’t been transformed.
  • Radiator heating, which implies mounted radiators in a number of of the rooms. 
  • Sometimes there’s no central air con (except the house has been up to date).
  • Repairs could be dearer in comparison with newer houses.

white bungalow home

Are craftsman-style houses the identical factor as bungalow homes?

In brief, no. Many craftsman homes are usually not bungalows. The origin of the bungalow shouldn’t be primarily based on the Arts & Crafts motion and comes from a well-liked seventeenth century Bangladeshi house fashion. The earliest craftsman houses had been executed with the American four-square. And whereas the prairie-style buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright included lots of the earthy, pure traits of craftsman structure, none of them may very well be referred to as a bungalow.

Bungalows constructed within the craftsman fashion are sometimes referred to as “American craftsman bungalows” or “California bungalows.” The “airplane bungalow” additionally has roots within the Arts & Crafts motion and is a spin-off of the California bungalow that contains a single-room second story designed as a summer time “sleeping room.”

Different American bungalows nod towards the craftsman fashion with ample use of built-ins, wooden trim, earthy supplies (particularly brick), and bay home windows. These even have roots within the Arts & Crafts motion however had been constructed a bit of later (1910s-Nineteen Forties). 

They’re much like earlier American bungalow kinds and are modified to the native local weather and lot dimension. These bungalows embrace:

  • Chicago bungalow fashion
  • Milwaukee bungalow
  • Michigan bungalow

The best way to discover craftsman-style homes on the market in your space

There are two most important methods to search out craftsman-style houses in your neighborhood. Utilizing Redfin, enter your required space within the search bar. On the outcomes web page, go to filters. There you possibly can enter the key phrases “craftsman,” “bungalow,” “foursquare,” (and so on.) to assist slender your search. 

This depends on the itemizing agent supplying these key phrases; nevertheless, it’s also possible to do a secondary search to search out any listings the place the agent didn’t embrace these key phrases. Simply filter by the yr the home was constructed. Scroll by the filters to the part “Property Details.” There you possibly can filter outcomes by “Yr Constructed” and enter “1900 to 1940.” 

Not each house will probably be a craftsman, however you’ll remember to discover any craftsman houses on the market in your required location.

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